Trade was originally developed over 120,000 years ago during the founding of the Covenant on the calerre homeworld of Cadelle. The Covenant at that time was comprised of refugees, adventurers, mercenaries, and other ne’er-do-wells, many of who didn’t speak each other’s language.
Trade was originally a stripped-down, easily taught and learned mercantile language. It was designed for trading, defending the Covenant from military attack, conveying the most basic of needs, and nothing else. It eventually became the de facto common tongue of the Covenant and began to pick up phrases and vocabulary from across Cadelle, and eventually from across the Orion Arm.
Read on to learn common Trade words that start with the English letter C.
Traits in Covenant are anything that your character is, knows, or knows how to do. Their species and gender are traits. So are where they come from. So are their jobs, careers, hobbies, and any random skills that they’ve picked up along the way.
Whenever you spend a trait on bid, you add one to your bid. That’s one less Discipline that you have to spend on your bid. Best of all, you can spend any trait that applies to your current bid on that bid. It doesn’t matter how off-the-wall the connection is. As long as you can convince the FM that a trait has something to do with your bid, you can spend it on that bid.
Say you have the Rifles trait. You could spend this trait on bids when you:
Shoot a rifle (you know how to aim a rifle and line up a shot)
Defend yourself from a rifle attack (you know how people fight with rifles and can use that to your advantage)
Repair a rifle (you know the inner workings of rifles)
Buy a rifle (you know how to recognize a good rifle from a shoddy or inaccurate one)
Talk to people who use rifles, like soldiers and mercenaries (you can talk shop)
And so on.
Many other roleplaying systems, like Dungeons and Dragons, have something similar to traits in skills. They works, but we decided that they were a little too restrictive for Covenant. They tend to have a small number of well-defined uses. If you try to use them for something unconventional, you either can’t or must come up with a house rule on the spot. The Discipline game mechanic, on the other hand, implies that you can use any and all of your character’s resources in any way you can imagine, or at least in any way that fits the current situation. Covenant’s traits had to have that flexibility, as well.
That’s about it on traits for now. Tune in next week for advantages and disadvantages.
Yesterday, I told you about Discipline. I told you how everyone has it in Covenant, whether you’re a PC or an NPC. Now I’m going to tell you how to use it.
If you want your character to do something, you spend some of your Discipline to make a bid. You always make a bid to either overcome something in the environment or against another character.
You make fixed bids to overcome something in the environment. Examples include hacking a computer or performing a difficult spaceship maneuver. Your bid must exceed the target of the task, which is a fixed number determined by the Force Majeure (FM). If your bid exceeds the task’s target, you succeed at accomplishing the task. If not, you fail and possibly suffer penalties, like being detected by the computer’s security or crashing your spaceship.
You make opposed bids to overcome another character. Examples include hitting someone with a weapon or bluffing your way past a guard. Opposed bids always have an attacker, who is trying to make some change in the world, and a defender, who is trying to prevent that change. If the attacker’s bid is higher than the defender’s, then that player accomplishes what they want. Otherwise, they don’t. Remember that your character’s Discipline represents all of their available resources. This means you can roleplay or skin your bid any way you want. For instance, if you’re trying to talk your way past a guard, you could skin it by:
Showing a forged pass that you got from a contact
Spending money to bribe the guard
Use your speaking skills to convince him that you belong there
Intimidate him so that he’s too scared to stop you
The winner of a bid also gains storytelling control – that is, the ability to describe the bid’s outcome. If the player wins a fixed bid, then they describe the bid’s outcome. Otherwise, the FM does. If the bid is an opposed bid, then the bid’s winner describes its outcome.
Discipline isn’t the only thing you can spend on a bid, though. Tune in tomorrow when we talk about your character’s traits.
Covenant is a tabletop roleplaying game, similar to Dungeons and Dragons or Pathfinder. The players control characters (known as player characters or PCs) in the game. One player is the game runner or game master, called the Force Majeure or FM in Covenant. The FM controls nonplayer characters or NPCs, which represent everyone with whom the PCs interact – enemies, allies, monsters, robots, etc. So far, so good, so vanilla.
However, players and the FM don’t roll dice to accomplish tasks. Instead, they spend a highly abstract, finite resource called Discipline that periodically renews itself. (Vehicles and robots have something similar called Endurance that works the same way) Discipline represents all of a character’s resources, including:
Physical Resources: The character’s strength, endurance and agility, as well as their ability to dodge attacks and take hits
Intellectual Resources: Training, education, life experience, resourcefulness, logic, and intuition
Mental Resources: Mental endurance, grit, and the ability to keep going no matter what
Material Resources: Ammunition, money, fuel, energy for technological gadgets, and specialized resources, like bandages, antidotes, and medicine for healing injuries
Social Resources: Political capital, contacts, good will, and the ability to persuade and/or threaten people into doing what you want
Financial Resources: Money, trade goods, assets, and the ability to take out loans
This isn’t as unusual or innovative as it seems at first. There are other diceless RPGs, like Amber, and some of these have a measure of resource management, like Nobilis. Discipline was inspired by a number of Wizards of the Coast mechanics, including the d20 Modern’swealth bonus.
We think that Discipline is a logical progression from the “hero points” or “brownie points” used in other games. In fact – early in Covenant ‘s development, when it still used dice – characters only used Discipline as hero points and story control.
However, Discipline’s roles expanded until players were able to spend it on bonuses to their rolls on a 1-to-1 basis. It was at that point that we decided to get rid of the dice and make Covenant diceless. That one change opened up a lot of possibilities, as well as created a lot of headaches. So how do players use Discipline? Tune in tomorrow, when we talk about bids.
For instance: replays. You know those corny one-page sample games that most western RPGs stick at the start of their rulebooks? Japan goes way beyond that, selling recordings and transcripts of entire game sessions in book or audio format. I never understood the idea of reading or listening someone else’s game, but they’re not made for me. They’re made for a Japanese audience, and apparently they sell like hotcakes over there.
It was only a matter of time before someone came up with the idea of using RPG replays, not just as entertainment, but as a teaching tool – specifically Toichiro Kawashima at Adventure Planning Service for the game Shinobigami.
According to Andy Kitkowski of Kotodama Heavy Industries, which translated Shinobigami into English, doing so makes sense in Japan. Players there prefer one-shots to long drawn-out campaigns. Including a replay in your rulebook that teaches players how to play your game makes it easier for players with busy schedules to learn it. It also benefits games with weird rules or play methods, because a replay lets players see a successful example of play. Shinobigami has been so successful, in fact, that other RPGs have adopted teaching replays, as well.
It’s definitely something I want to try with Covenant. I’ll never say that Covenant is !!!GROUNDBREAKING!!! or !!!INNOVATIVE!!!, but it is unusual (more on that tomorrow). Including an actual example of play will should lower player frustration when learning it, if nothing else.
Try to think of the Covenant’s Trade language as an alien version of English. It Hoovers up words and phrases from everything that it encounters, no matter how much that contradicts what it already has. Like English, it can be frustrating to learn, but worth it.
Tabletop roleplaying games have a potential unmatched by any other art form (and yes, I said that TRPGs are art).
First, they’re cheap entertainment. All you need are pencils, paper, dice, friends, and some rules. Furthermore, since everyone can afford them, everyone can play them. And finally, since they’re little more than guided improv theatre, that huge, inclusive audience can be whatever they want to be, at least within the confines of the game.
RPG equipment is minimal and multipurpose. You’re always carrying the most important piece between your ears. This means that RPGs are more versatile and interactive than either video games (which need a computer), board games (which need a board and pieces), or card games (which need cards).
Best of all, RPGs are cheap to make. You don’t need to know how to program, run a printing press, draw, or make 3D models. You don’t even need a computer. Just bang your game out on a pawn shop Underwood or Selectric, run off copies at a Kinko’s and sell those. Or give them away for free. Your costs are minimal at that point.
Of course, I want Covenant to have a nice package, not to mention popping art that’ll get tweeted out or pinned on some influencer’s Pinterest board for publicity. So does everyone who makes an RPG.
And that’s a problem, because an honest desire like that can turn into the sinking-in-a-vat-of-leeches effect that I talked about in yesterday’s game design article. That effect has been a part of the RPG industry for some time, and It’s accelerated recently, with:
Essential rules spread across two or more books
Proprietary dice, cards, counters, and other equipment
Preprinted character tiles instead of blank, easily copied character sheets
“Starter sets” with pregenerated characters, walled garden campaigns, barebone rules, and ads for the full game
Capitalism’s rule of “If you can, you must” applies to game design, because you’re competing with every other game designer and they’re competing with you, so you better have nicer art and more bespoke equipment and swag in your package than they have in theirs.
The alternative, of course, is to keep your costs down. Keep things simple. Play to the strengths of RPGs. Ignore your competition, then ask yourself, “Wait, why am I competing with these people again? Who put us up to this, and why did we agree to go along with it?”
I originally called this “the Gutenberg zine option” as a joke. The more I think about it, though, the more appropriate it is.
Books had been kept out of the hands of European commoners for centuries because of the high costs of book produciton. Part of that production was illumination – putting them in a pretty package, in other words.
Then Johannes Gutenberg invented the printed press and movable type, and suddenly books, along with what was in them, were available to a wider audience.
Luckily, that DIY/punk/zine attitude has been part of RPG culture since its very beginnings, too, with players publishing homebrew rules, and it continues to this day. Just Google “200-word RPG”, “micro RPG”, “one-page RPG”, or just “free RPG”.
I’m not publishing a one-page RPG, of course, or a free one. I want nice art and layout for Covenant, like I said. But even the costs of a Wizards of the Coast flagship-grade core rulebook are microscopic compared to those of a triple-A video game.
The sales are microscopic, too, but that’s okay. It’s just the two of us, and I for one am not in this to get rich.
The Super Nintendo Entertainment System was released in North America in 1991. When one of us (Sazzy) bought theirs, it came with two controllers and Super Mario World, a game that two people could play. You could take it out of the box, plug it in, and be playing a game with your friend without spending another dime. Pretty slick.
Fast forward a scant 10 years to 2001, when the Xbox was released in the U.S. When Sazzy bought his, it came with one controller and no bundled-in games. You’d have to shell out more money just to use the console, and even more if you wanted to play a game with someone. And if your friend lived in another state, you’d have to pay yet again to play with them over Xbox Live (late 2002). Convenient subscriptions are available.
The situation in the video game world has continued to deteriorate, with loot boxes, microtransactions, games-as-a-service, and soon subscription game streaming, and I’m probably forgetting a hell of a lot here. It’s like sinking into a vat of leeches.
If you’re a gamer, the last thing you should be worried about are the “SJWs” and their “forced diversity” and “political correctness”. You’re being bled white, dude, and the worst part of it is I think you realize it.
People like Jim Sterling have been up to their elbows in this sort of thing for longer than I have. They have a reputation for railing against it, and they’re right to rail against it. However, since I checked my privilege in the last article, I think I have to check my outrage in this one.
See, most of these practices, possibly all of them, are legal. Are they ethical, though? Well, these game publishers are trying to survive in a capitalist society, just like you and me, and capitalism says they can make money this way. And they do make money this way. They’re very good at it.
However, since we live the Mirror, Mirror universe, if you can do something, then eventually you must do it just to survive – or at least survive in the manner to which you’ve become accustomed, which is the same thing to many people.
Game publishers have run out of games, so they have to find new ways to sell you the games that they have. And then sell it to you again. And then again. And then charge you DLC for that game. And monthly subscriptions to that game. And chapters. And game passes. And roadmaps. And “optional” cosmetics. And loot boxes. And locked loot boxes that you can wait to unlock, but why wait when you can buy a key right now?
I’m not immune to this, either. This was originally supposed to be part two of a much longer article. Blogs aren’t conducive to longreads, though, especially ones run on a shoestring. So I had to cut it up and spread it out.
The baloney machine has broken down at the tail end of capitalism, so the butcher has to slice the baloney he has left thinner and thinner. Pretty soon, he’s cut it so thin that he has to sell you the idea of baloney and the idea of eating it. Because if he doesn’t, he’ll starve.
How does this affect tabletop RPGs? Worryingly, it does, but there’s hope. Stay tuned for tomorow’s article.
Before we go any further, I think that there’s something that you need to know about one of us (Sean):
I live at home with my parents
I have a full time job that provides me with a health insurance, a regular paycheck, and a way to pay my bills.
I’m telling you this because my opinions on this blog and this podcast are voiced from an area of relative security. I know people who have trouble paying the rent and who can’t afford food, utility bills, or medical care, and this has informed my politics and my thinking. I used to be in that position myself, too, but not anymore.
The same goes for Covenant, the game I’m designing with Sazzy. I’ve been able to think about it, prototype it in my head, develop mountains of fluff, and let it “cook” for years, all without it earning me a dime in sales.
Other game designers don’t have that luxury.
Game design is often their full-time job, and it doesn’t come with the security that I’ve enjoyed. They have to pay artists. Balance books. Deal with production headaches. Chase trends. Make compromises. Drum up publicity. Shift units.
They are exposed to the full effects of late-stage capitalism, which not only says, “Publish or die,” but “Keep publishing or die.”
This economy, and the society that’s grown out of it, breaks people’s brains and ethics. Most game designers manage to hold on to both.
And some don’t.
These designers get up to some pretty shady business. Others have practices that the wider society deems legal, even ethical, but that lefties like me decry.
Thing is, It’s easy to criticize from a position of security – you know, of privilege.
Look, I get it. I’m a dilettante. I’m looking for moral purity in an impure world and straight beams in a house built from crooked timber. I get it.
That’s not going to stop me from pointing out things that I do see, though. I might not go after them with the fury of a Jim Sterling, but I will point them out. I’ll even tell you how my observations have affected my game.
After all, I’m trying to drum up publicity and shift units, too.